奇观作文_关于奇观的作文400字

2019-06-07 13:11 
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奇观作文奇观作文

天下奇观作文 600字

问题补充:天下奇观作文 600字
●天下奇观钱江潮 钱江潮自古以来被称为天下奇观。每当大潮来临,巨浪汹涌澎湃,气势雄伟,潮声震天动地,如千军万马,横江翻腾,真有“翻江倒海山为摧”之势。潮头一般高1至2米,最高达5米以上,以每秒5至7米的速度浩浩荡荡向上游挺进,势如破竹,蔚为壮观。明代文学家张舆曾为它写下了这样的诗句:“罗刹江(即钱塘江)头八月潮,吞山挟海势雄豪。六鳌倒卷银河阔,万马横奔雪嶂高。” 涌潮是一种自然现象 古代科学落后,对这种极为壮观的自然现象不能解释,被认为是“海鳅之出入”、“神龙之变化”。传说在春秋战国时,吴国大将伍子胥因屡谏吴王杀越王勾践,被吴王赐剑而死,并被鞭尸三百,抛入钱塘江中。伍怨魂不散,顿时化作汹涌怒涛,找吴王报仇,从此便有波涛滚滚的钱江大潮。 伍子胥驱水为涛的传说,是因为古代人们无法解释涌潮这一自然现象和出于对伍子胥的同情。从现代科学来看,地球上的海洋潮汐是海洋水体受到天体(主要是月亮和地球)引力作用及地球自转产生的离心力而形成的一种周期性运动。每逢农历初一、十五,地球、太阳和月球差不多在一条直线上,太阳和月球的引力在一起,力量特强,易形成大潮。中秋前后,不但它们的位置连起来恰好接近直线 ,而且这时又是一年中地球比较接近太阳的时候,所以秋潮较大,这也是一般的自然现象。 钱江潮为什么特别大 世界上有涌潮的河流很多,如南美的亚马逊河、北美的科罗拉多河、法国的塞纳河、英国的塞汶河等,但钱塘江涌潮的强度和壮观现象,除亚马逊河外,其它河流均无法与之媲美。亚马逊河的涌潮强度与钱塘江虽可一比,但钱塘江河口江道摆动频繁,涌潮潮景变化万千。因此钱江潮可说是独占鳌头,无与伦比。 为什么钱塘江大潮特别汹涌和巨大呢?喇叭形的河口是原因之一。杭州湾外的江面宽度约100千米,往里则急剧收缩,到距湾口90千米的钱塘江口的海盐澉浦时,宽度只有20千米,而杭州市区的河宽仅1千米左右。当大量潮水涌进狭窄的河道时,水面就会迅速地壅高。又由于这里的河底有大量的泥沙淤积形成沙坎,进入湾口的潮波遇到沙坎,水深减小,阻力增大,前坡变陡,后坡相应变缓。当前坡陡到一定程度后,前锋水面明显涌起,从而形成涌潮,甚至翻出浪花。 不过世界上有好些江河的河口,也是外大内窄、外深内浅,为什么没有象钱塘江大潮那样汹涌澎湃?原来高潮的出现与河水流动的速度也有关系,当潮水涌来时,它的前进方向是和河水流动的方向相反的。中秋前后,钱塘江河口的河水流速与潮水流速几乎相等,力量相等的河水与潮水一碰撞,就激起了巨大的潮头。另外,浙北沿海一带,夏秋之交常吹东南风或东风,风向与潮水方向大体一致,也助长了它的声势。总之,钱塘江大潮的形成是受天文和地理(包括河口形状、河床地貌、水文、气候等)因素综合的影响。 钱塘江观潮胜地 钱江观潮,起于汉魏,盛于唐宋,历经2000余年。南宋定于每年农历八月十八日(所谓潮神生日),在钱塘江上检阅水师,以后相沿成习,把这一天作为观潮节。苏东坡盛赞:“八月十八潮,壮观天下无。鲲鹏水击三千里,组练长驱十万夫。红旗青盖互明灭,黑沙白浪相吞屠。人生会合古难必,此景此行那两得。” 传统的观潮胜地是海宁盐官镇,所以又称“海宁潮”。这一带有镇海塔、海神庙、中山亭等景点,每年中秋前后,有10万余人聚集,形成人潮海潮齐涌,热闹非凡。观潮最佳胜地有三处。一是在盐官附近可看银涛滚滚整齐而来的“一线潮”。二是在盐官以东的八堡大缺口可看东、南两股潮头相撞,掀起万座冰山、千里雪峰的“碰头潮”。三是在盐官以西的老盐仓可看潮头猛冲丁字坝后,浪涛壁立,冲向天际的“返头潮”。因为潮水以每小时25千米的速度逆行,因此如果一潮三看,必须乘观潮专车与潮头赛跑。可先在八堡看“碰头潮”,再到盐官饱览“一线潮”风光,最后到老盐仓欣赏“返头潮”。由于涌潮变化多端,观潮的最佳地点也迁徒不定,可根据具体情况慎重选择。 怎样观赏钱江潮 钱塘江涌潮以雄伟的气势,多变的画面,迷人的景色引来了千千万万的观赏者。那么怎样来观赏钱江潮呢?我国历代诗人、文学家对涌潮有许多描述,可给我们很多启示。例如:“漫漫平沙起白虹,瑶台失手玉杯空,”“若素练横江”,把天边露头的涌潮喻作白虹、银练、素练等。“惊涛来似雪”,“怒涛卷霜雪”,“雪涛千里如山摧”,把涌潮喻作霜雪。“似万群风马骤银鞍,争超越”,把涌潮喻作飞奔之马。 “涌若蛟龙斗,奔如雪雹惊”,把涌潮喻作蛟龙。“潮色银河铺碧落,日光金柱出红盆”,把涌潮喻作银河。“来疑沧海尽成空,万面鼓声中”,“一千里色中秋月,十万军声半夜潮”,是描写涌潮的响声。还有把涌潮的声音喻作“雷霆、惊雷”。有的对涌潮的声和形进行比喻,声形对应,如“天排云阵千雷震,地卷银山万马奔”,“海面雷霆聚,江心瀑布横”,声形对应比喻,使人有耳闻目睹之感。又如“罗刹江头八月潮,吞山挟海势雄豪”,“排山倒海之势,雷霆万钧之力”,充分显示了涌潮的气势。由上可见,不同的比喻构成一幅幅形象各异的画面。钱江潮涌正是以自己的形、声、势供人鉴赏,给人们无穷无尽的回味。因此,我们在观赏钱江涌潮时,不仅要看其形,而且要听其声,还要观其势。形、声、势结合观赏,其乐无穷。 钱江涌潮的利和弊 钱塘江涌潮历史悠久,千秋功过,谁人评说!钱塘江涌潮气势磅礴,举世无比,已成为旅游项目。涌潮蕴藏着丰富的潮能资源,如河口澉浦的多年平均潮差为5.57米,最大潮差达8.93米,是我国沿海潮能资源最丰富的地方。涨潮时,大量外海泥沙随潮流进入河口,一部分在河口落淤,从而淤积成绵延的沙滩,这也是一项资源。但是,涌潮也确实给沿江人民带来了痛苦和灾难。“浩浩钱江水,滴滴灾民泪”,“飓风拔木浪如山,振荡乾坤顷刻间。临海人家千万户,漂流不见一人还。”这便是当时遭潮灾的写照。每当台风来临,又值大潮汛时,风暴潮危害特别严重。沿江人民与潮患进行坚决长期的斗争,经过历代劳动人民的努力,已在钱江两岸兴建了绵延317千米的海塘,它像一座铜墙铁壁,抵御涌潮和洪水的冲击,保卫着沿江人民的生命财产和农田的安全。

2008年北京奥运会感想的英语作文怎么写?

问题补充:2008年北京奥运会感想的英语作文怎么写?
●自己的感受

安徽结婚习俗作文!急!

问题补充:安徽结婚习俗作文!急!安徽农村的结婚习俗?急!
●但愿能帮到你,希望采纳!
湖南地方结婚习俗

古代女子往往“生在深闺人未识,是妍是媸无人知晓”。经媒人说合后,男方往往提出看一看的要求。这种由男方在媒人的副食下到女家作初次访问的活动,称之为“看亲”。雅称“相亲”。

相亲的日子是由媒人预先定好并通知男女双方的,因此,双方都要作好准备。男方要根据妇方父母的爱好,准备一点礼物;妇方要洒扫庭院,准备接待客人。作为当事人,男女二人都要打扮得尽可能有风度,有光彩一些,以便给对方一个好的“第一印象”。

看亲是婚姻能否成功的一个关键环节,特别是男方,尤其要慎重要对待。礼物虽无非烟酒点心之类,并不在乎数量多,价值高,而一定要投其所好,切忌触犯对方父母的禁忌;衣着打扮要大方入时;言行举止要谦虚有礼。古时看亲时,男子只能由媒人创造机会偷偷看姑娘一眼,现在不同了,男女双方可以直接见面、谈话。双方都有机会对对方有一个初步了解。

中国是个“礼义之邦”,讲究含蓄。看亲的结果往往并不直接表白出来,而用各种暗示来表现。很多地方都是在男方进门之后,女方父母先给小伙子倒上一杯热茶,小伙子看了姑娘觉得中意,就把这杯茶一口饮干;然后姑娘的父母同姑娘一起商量,如同意结亲,就留男方和媒人吃饭,不同意就任由男方告辞回家,有的父母甚至还托媒人将男方带来的见面礼带走。

有些地区除了看亲之外,还有“察人家”的习俗。“察人家”其实也是看亲,是男方由媒人带领到女方看过姑娘后,妇方父母对婚事暂不表态,再由媒人带领,回方男家。祁阳一带则称为“看当”。看当时,男方父母应先奉上香茶一盏,然后和妇方父母交谈。妇方父母通过察看男家并与男方父母交谈,如果对婚事认可,就将香茶喝尽,男方父母立即以“亲家”相称,并盛情款待客人。否则,女方父母应起身告辞,男方不要勉强留客。
过礼篇

“看亲”、“看当’、之后,要履行订婚手续,俗称“过礼”。

“过礼”的第一步,是由媒人把男方的生辰八字送到女方,女方的生辰八送到男方,有些迷信的父母,自认为是对儿女的婚事负责,往往在接到红帖之后要请算命先生推算一下,看双方的“生辰八字”是否相合,如果不合;婚事就要重新考虑。好在现代人多半不相信这一套了,所以即使交换红帖,往往也只不过是一种形式而已,有的甚至连换帖的形式都免了。

“换帖”、“合八字”之后,媒人要选个好日子,带男方去“过礼”订婚。“过礼”是大事,一般嫁娶的主动者(无论男女)要向另一方送一笔重礼,礼物至少要包括猪肘子一个, 酒一对,鸡鸭各一,给对方父母的衣料各一套。鞋袜各一双,包封一个,给姑娘的东西若干。包封里封多少钱、给姑娘一些什订婚礼物,一般都在事先由媒人同双方分别协商好,不能由男方(或女方)给多少算多少。当然,男方或女方父母也应该尽量替对方着想,力求节俭一些,少收聘礼。

“过礼”之后,男女双方即可商定日期,到当地政府办理结婚证,正式确定婚姻关系。现代规定男女双方领结婚证之前要到医院做婚前检查;还有些地区(主要是城市)规定要办婚前学习班。这些都是确保优生优育、保障人口素质的有效措施,应该遵照执行。
择吉篇

结婚证办好后,男女双方在法律上已经建立了合法的夫妻关系。然而在中国,这仅仅是结婚活动的第一步。按照传统的做法,嫁娶的主动者一方,其父母应选择迎娶的良辰吉日,并由媒人通知对方,准备迎娶。称为“择吉”和“送日子”。

择吉一般请教星象学者或算命选择办理,也可以自己看《通书》(雅称“历书”、俗称“家家历”,传统称之为“皇历”)择日子。文化程度高的则可以自己推算。一般认为,只要“六合”相应,就是好日子。如“丙寅日”等。

择日完毕,双方确定了结婚日期,就应该发出婚宴请柬,请亲朋好友来参加婚礼了。

请柬一般由嫁娶者或其父母亲自送达亲友手中。亲友们接到赴喜宴的请柬后,除特殊情况可以只送礼不参加以外,一般都应登门道贺。道贺前,先要准备好礼物。礼物的多少视各人与主方关系的亲蔬、交谊的深浅、本人的经济条件而定。送男方的一般都付现金、用红纸打“包封”。包封签子上一般要写上一句表示祝贺的话。

包封里面装着现金,钞票要下面朝上,一张张叠好放齐。钞票最下层用红纸写上“ XXX 贺”或“ XXX 、 XXX 同贺”等字样,谓之“挂里”,便于账房登记。

送给女方的礼物多是实物,但也有用红包替代的,称之为“助嫁”。家物多是箱、柜、床、被、餐具、衣料之类。送女方的礼物往往是亲友们闻讯即主动送去,并不等请贴来了再送。因为女方父母要以送礼人的多少为据去决定“出嫁酒”的规模。
迎娶篇

佳期在即,男女两家都要杀猪宰鸡,准备喜宴,还要请好厨师、傧相、伴娘、轿夫、账房、师爷及其他帮同办事的勤杂人员。这些人应聘后,应在迎娶的前一天即到主家开始工作,作好迎亲摆宴的准备工作。

传统婚礼一般是女家早晨“出嫁酒”、男家中午摆喜筵;如果是纳婿(招郎--男到女家)则反之。

一切准备就序后,男家鸣炮奏乐,发轿迎亲。媒人先导,接着是新郎、伴娘、花轿、乐队、礼盒队。

女家在花轿到来之前,要准备好喜筵。姑娘要由母亲或姐姐梳好头,用丝线绞去脸上的绒毛,化好妆,谓之“开脸”,然后饰上凤冠霞帔,蒙上红布盖头,等待迎亲的花轿。

花轿一到,女家动乐鸣炮相迎。凶亲队伍进入女家堂屋后,花轿落好,新郎叩拜岳父岳母,并呈上以其父名义写好的大红迎亲简贴。接着是女家动乐开筵。席间,媒人和新郎要小心谨慎一些,因为中国民间有不少不成文的习俗,在新婚的三天里,亲朋戚友中的平辈和晚辈青少年可以别出心裁地在媒人和新郎身上编演几出小小的喜剧,称之为“洗媒”和“挂红”(乡下俗称“贺新客”)。新娘的嫂子说不定会在盛给新郎的饭碗下层埋伏半碗辣椒面;新娘的妹妹会在斟酒时特别给姐夫抹一把锅底灰 ..... 对这些能增加欢乐气氛的小闹剧,媒人和新郎应该容让--虽不妨也“以其人之道还治其人之身”,小小地报复一下,但却绝不能生气、发火,甚至同主客吵闹、扭打。

早宴之后,新郎新娘在媒人的引导下向新娘的祖宗牌位和长辈行过礼之后,伴娘就可搀着新娘上花娇了。上轿时,新娘不妨哭几声,以示对父母家人的依恋。

新娘上轿后,即奏乐鸣炮,启轿发亲。乐队在前,乐队后面是新郎(有条件的要骑马),接着是花轿和其他送亲的人员。新娘在启轿时,往往要塞个红包给轿夫,以免花轿摇摆得过于厉害。

接亲的队伍将要到达新郎家门口时,男家要鸣炮动乐相迎。花轿停在新郎家的堂屋门前,男家请的伴娘(一般是年轻貌美的女子)要上前掀起轿帘,将新娘搀下轿来,傧相上前赞礼,宾客向新郎、新娘身上散花(一般用红、黄各色纸屑替代),将婚礼推向高潮。
拜堂篇

拜堂是婚礼的高潮阶段。

迎娶之日,男家发轿之后,傧相就要在男家堂屋布置好拜堂的场所。

当花轿停在堂屋门前,男方请的伴娘站到花轿前时,仪式即已开始。香案上,香烟缭绕,红烛高烧,亲朋戚友、职司人员各就各位。

傧相二人分别以“引赞”和“通赞”的身份出现,开始赞礼。

新郎新娘按引赞和通赞的赞礼开始拜堂。

拜堂仪式程序如下:

引赞:新郎莅位(伫立于轿前)
通赞:启轿,新人起。
引赞:新郎搭躬(拱手延请新娘)
引赞:新郎新娘就位(至香案前)奏乐鸣炮
通赞:新郎新娘(向神位和祖宗牌位)进香烛
引赞:跪,献香烛。明烛,燃香,上香,俯伏,兴,平身复位。
通赞:跪,叩首,再叩首,三叩首,兴。
然后,是传统的“三拜”--“一拜天地,二拜双亲,夫妻相拜”最后才“引进洞房”
拜堂仪式到此结束。
喜宴篇

在传统婚礼进行的前一天,男家已经张灯结彩,其布置大略如下:
堂屋:
门前对联一副,加横批。
堂屋中间高悬一方形彩灯,彩灯四面分别绘上“鸾凤和鸣”、“观音送子”、“状元及第”、“合家欢”图案。 。
香案上一对硕大红烛。。
两边“对座”墙上贴“陪对”一幅。。
后“金墙”上帖“天地君亲师位”六个大字,自上而下直写。这六个字的写法有讲究:天要平,即“天”字的两横要写平,不能弯曲;地要宽,即“地”字写宽一些,不要过窄;君不开口,即“君”字要全封闭,不能留空隙;亲不闭目,即写繁体“ 亲 ” 字,右边的“ 见 ”字不能把上面的“目”字最后一横全部封住;师无别意:繁体的“ 师 ”字要少写一撇,写作“ 师” 。

新房:
门框两边贴对联一副,加横批(横批一般写“鸾凤和鸣”四字);
门上贴大红双喜字;
新房正中悬彩灯;
窗户上贴剪纸的大红双喜字,四角贴剪纸的蝴蝶图案;
窗户两边贴对联;
墙壁四周挂字画。

厨房:
正门对联一副,加横批,门上贴红“喜”字。

其他:
所有房间门上均贴“喜”字一个。

拜堂之后,新娘便在新房落座,不再出来。新郎要走出新房接待贺客。如在宾馆、酒家宴宾,则夫妻双方都得出去会见宾客并向宾客敬酒。

喜筵要按来客的尊卑长幼排定座位,称之为“请客”,或者“清客”。排座位的原则是上尊下卑,右尊左卑,客人按其长幼和身份、地位从高到低排列座次。

主席要摆在堂屋上方正中,请“大亲”坐上首右边席位,新郎的父亲或舅父坐上首左边席位作陪,其余按尊卑长幼对号入座。

除堂屋的正席外,次尊贵的一席摆在新房中,请新娘的母亲坐首位,由新郎的母亲或舅母作陪。其他各席的座位一般也要按尊卑次序排定。

座位排定后,傧相宣布动乐鸣炮开宴,新郎要先到首席斟酒敬酒,说几句表示感谢的话祝酒,然后,厨房开上第一道菜来,把婚宴推向高潮。

各席的酒菜应该一个样,唯“男大亲”和“女大亲”所在的席次,通例必须有清蒸的猪肘子一个。而且,新郎要时刻守候在桌边,为“上亲”斟酒、送热毛巾等,以示尊敬。

喜筵结束前,媒人早已溜走,谓之“逃席”。倘若不走,“洗媒”的人会把他的脸抹成锅底。喜筵结束后,“上亲”先到退堂屋休息一会,吃些点心,由男方尊长陪着说些客套话,待勤杂人员把席面撤去,扫了地,大亲就该起身告辞了。临起时,男家要“打发”衣料、鞋袜之类,讲究的还有红包。“送大亲”是又一个热闹场面,男家所有体面的人都要送到门口,还要鸣炮动乐,以示敬重。新郎及其父母应送客至村口。
闹房篇

戏闹洞房花烛夜

中国有闹洞房的风俗。在过去,由于很多新人们婚前都不太熟悉甚至不相识,新婚之夜要他们生活在同一空间,心理上可能会感不自在。闹洞房,无疑可以通过公众游戏让新人消除隔阂,捅破羞怯的“窗户纸”。而在今天,闹洞房主要是向新人们表示祝福之意。

游戏之一、取筷子
将一双筷子置于酒瓶中,只露出很短一截,让新郎新娘全力用嘴唇把筷子取出,实际就是请两人表演亲吻。

游戏之二、吃香蕉
用弹性绳捆住香蕉吊于新郎跃起能够到的高度,新郎用嘴拉下香蕉。新郎新娘用嘴剥皮,然后共同把它吃完。为了不让绳子缩回,一个做动作,另一个必须咬住香蕉,这就要看两人的配合了。

游戏之三、点火柴
将火柴插于红枣上,在盛水的盆里漂浮。一根红线中间扎一支点燃的香烟,两头分别由新人咬住,两人你进我退,合力用烟点燃盆中的火柴。要屏住呼吸,用扎实的“牙功”与眼光才能获得成功。

游戏之四、夹弹子
准备一盘玻璃弹子,让新郎新娘各执一支筷子,两人一齐将弹子夹出。不妨请在场的几对情侣和新人进行比赛,落后者表演节目。

游戏之五、对诗比赛
若新郎新娘是喜爱文学的,那么请他们来一次对诗擂台赛。先由新郎吟诗一句,然后新娘接吟,要求接吟的句中至少有一个字与上一句相同,如此反复,接不下来者判负,负者表演节目。

游戏之六、夫妻识字
这个“识字”是让新郎着一个“字”(或一个短语),然后请新郎做各种动作(不准说话,不准用手描笔划)给新娘看,要使新娘能“识”这个字。选“字”的时候,挑那些与新婚气氛相吻合的内容,例如:“爱”、“恋”、“夫妻”等等。

游戏之七、说昵称
新郎新娘分别想十个昵称去称呼对方,什么心肝啊,宝贝啊,狗狗啊,肉肉啊,越肉麻越好。如果来宾不满意,则可要求再说。

游戏之八、亲亲甜心
新郎仰面躺在床上,然后把切得薄薄的香蕉片贴在他的脸上和脖子上,让蒙着眼睛的新娘用嘴去找那些香蕉片。

游戏之九、接吻
直接要求新郎新娘接一个长吻,三分钟或是五分钟都可以。

游戏之十、撒喜床
撒喜床是在闹洞房时,由新郎的嫂嫂表演的一种边歌边舞的游戏,嫂嫂手托盘子,盘内铺红纸,红纸上放栗子、枣、花生、桂元等物。

新娘坐在床上,嫂嫂抓干果往床上撒,边撒边唱。闹洞房的众人听了嫂嫂的歌唱,也随声附和,洞房中欢声笑语彻夜不断,嬉笑打闹声一浪高过一浪。

撒喜床的游戏是一种群体民间游戏,所有闹房的人都是演员,而嫂嫂是主角,其他人都是配角。因为主角要担负起活跃洞房气氛的任务,责任重大。

所以,这个主角是要经过娶亲人家精心挑选的。其重视程度,与选择婚礼司仪一样慎重。在娶亲之前,新郎的全家人在同宗同族、街坊邻居的嫂嫂辈中逐个挑选。有些地方选一个,有些地方选两个。

选出的这个撒喜床的主角,首先要儿女双全的“吉祥人”;还要能唱曲,会编词;再者,要口齿伶俐,头脑灵活,善于察言观色,随机应变。另外,因为,撒床时间长,歌词篇幅也长,况且有时还要根据具体情况临场发挥,故而撒床人记忆力要强,能正确运用歌词把自己所看到的事物和场景描绘出来,受这些条件的约束,筛选出的嫂嫂自然是技高一筹了。

作为嫂辈们,能受到娶亲人家的器重,也感到非常自豪。她们会尽自己的能力,帮助新郎家调节好洞房的气氛。
回门篇

按照我国婚俗习惯,结婚三天,新娘便要偕同新郎一起回娘家,也称“回门”。这是一种必不可少的礼节。

新娘家老人心里非常重视三天回门,因此新郎事先天论是从思想上还是在礼品上都要有所准备,争取给岳父岳母留下愉快的好印象。

礼品事先备齐,买新娘家老人喜欢的礼品,礼品一般有四件。回门一般在上午九、十点钟动身。新郎新娘应参加婚礼那样认真修饰、打扮,保持婚礼上那漂亮、俊美的形象。

回到娘家,新郎、新娘首先要问候老人。这时,新郎就应改口,跟新娘一样称岳父母为爸爸、妈妈,要叫得自然、亲切,对待亲友和邻居也应表现出亲切热忱,彬彬有礼,见人先打招呼,以礼相待。

就餐时,新娘要陪着新郎,一一向父母、亲友和邻里敬酒,感谢大家对自己新婚的祝福。饭后,不要急于回家,应再陪父母聊一会儿,听听他们的教诲,然后再告辞回家。并应主动邀请二位老人和兄弟姐妹到自己家里做客,也可邀请亲友、邻里。

求cet4作文模板?

问题补充:求cet4作文模板?
●四级作文模板 (i)说明原因型模块 currently, xx has been the order of the day. this does demonstrate the theory --- nothing is more valuable than xx it is clear that (1). if you (2), as a result, your dreams will come true. on the contrary, if you (3).failure will be following with you. it turns out that all your plan falls through. no one can deny another fact that (4).you don't have to look very far to find out the truth, in respect that we all know (5).it will exert a profound influence upon (6).with reference to my standpoint, i think (7).注释:1:xx的第一个优点2:支持xx的做法3:不支持xx的做法4:xx的第二个优点5:举例证明优点二6:说明xx优点三的影响第三天我写的相应作文: the importance of self-confidence currently, self-confidence has been the order of the day. this does demonstrate the theory --- nothing is more valuable than self-confidence. it is clear that (self-confidence means trust in one's abilities). if you (are full of self-confidence, it will bring your creative power to play, arouse your enthusiasm for work, and help you overcome difficulties), as a result, your dreams will come true. on the contrary, if you (have no confidence in yourself, there is little possibility that you would ever achieve anything ). failure will be following with you。it turns out that all your plan falls through. no one can deny another fact that (self-confidence gives you light when you are in dark and encouragement when you are dismayed).you don't have to look very far to find out the truth, in respect that we all know (the secret of mme. curie lies in perseverance and self-confidence, the latter in particular). it will exert a profound influence upon (the achievement of one's ambitions). with reference to my standpoint, i think (he that can have self-confidence can have what he will). (i)说明原因型模块(2) in recent years, xx has caused a heated debate on (1). the factors for (2).first of all, (3).then, there comes a case that (4). moreover, (5). especially when (6).indeed, these unique points can be collected the remind people that (7).in this way, we should behave just like (8). the impact of television in recent years, with the development of science and technology, 80 percent of all homes in china have satellite tv, offering as many as 50 channels. it has caused a heated debate on (the impact of television on children). many parents are worried about the impact of so much television on children. the factors for (parents' worry is that children are indulge in television and spend too much time on it.).first of all, (with so many programs to choose from, children are not getting as much exercise as they should ).then, there comes a case that (some studies have show that excessive watching of television by millions of children has lowered their ability to achieve in school ). moreover, (the effect on children's minds are more serious than the effect on children's bodies). especially when (the children are too small to judge what programs are suit to them).indeed, these unique points can be connected to remind parents that (they should pay close attention to and responsibilities for supervising their children's tv viewing).in this way, children will not be influenced too deeply. (i)说明原因型模块(4)for most of us today, (1). from above, we can find that the reasons why (2)are as follows.the primary reason, i think, is (3).second,(4). the third reason, actually, is (5).the significance for (6)。therefore, (7).注释:(1)人们针对xx的态度和举措(2)归纳现状(3)第一个原因(4)第二个原因(5)第三个原因(6)重申造成现状的最重要原因 pollution most of us today (recognize that environmental pollution has been a greatly serious problem. lots of plants trees corps are destroyed by bad air. many fish die of poisonous water. thousands of people die from eating poisoned fish or breathing in gas. therefore, environmental pollution should be responsible for these diseases that are disabling, or bringing death not only to human beings, but also to wild life.)from above, we can find that the reasons why (environment are polluted more and more seriously)are as follows. the primary reason, i think, is (the reason of harmful substances into environment. for example, to prevent insects, farmers make use of great amounts of insecticides, so as to have bumper harvests. however, they pollute air, water and land ).second,(the gas coming from the car engines and factories also make environment polluted badly ). the third reason actually is (the result of a growing population in the world. everyday, so much litter and waste are poured out from houses, also pollute the environment ). the significance for (controlling pollution) noted that it's high time that more effective measures should be taken. therefore, (new laws should be passed to limit the amount of pollutants from factories. moreover, in the households, there is an obvious need to reduce litter and waste. let's make our good efforts, and the world will be a safer place to live for us). (i)说明原因型模块(5)these days we often hear that (1).it is common that (2). why does such circumstance occur in spite of social protects? for one thing, (3).for another, (4). what is more, since (5),it is natural that (6 ).to solve the problem is not easy at all, but is worth trying. we should do something such as (7) to improve he present situation, and i do believe everything will be better in the future.(1)提出论题(2)说明现状(3)理由一(4)理由二(5)理由三(6)理由三引起的后果(7)解决方法 pollution of environment these days we often hear that (our living conditions are getting more and more serious because of the destruction of our environment ).it is common that (many trees and animals are near extinction, and the all-important food chain has been destroyed.).  why does such circumstance occur in spite of social protects? for one thing, (the population of the world is increasing so rapidly that the world has been so crowded. ).for another,(the overuse of natural resources has influenced the balance of natural ecology ). what is more, since (the industrial revolution ),it is natural that (a great number of factories have been springing up like mushrooms. the smoke and harmful chemicals released from factories also pollute the environment).  to solve the problem is not easy at all, but is worthing. we should do something such as (planting more trees, equipping cars with pollution-control devices and learning to recycling natural resources )to improve the present situation, and i do believe everything will be better in the future. 写作模板——图表式作文 it is obvious in the graphic/table that the rate/number/amount of y has undergone dramatic changes. it has gone up/grown/fallen/dropped considerably in recent years (as x varies). at the point of x1, y reaches its peak value of …(多少). what is the reason for this change? mainly there are … (多少)reasons behind the situation reflected in the graphic/table. first of all, …(第一个原因). more importantly, …(第二个原因). most important of all, …(第三个原因). from the above discussions, we have enough reason to predict what will happen in the near future. the trend described in the graphic/table will continue for quite a long time (if necessary measures are not taken括号里的使用于那些不太好的变化趋势). 写作模板——提纲式作文1. 对立观点式 a. 有人认为x 是好事,赞成x, 为什么?b. 有人认为x 是坏事, 反对x,为什么?c. 我的看法。 some people are in favor of the idea of doing x. they point out the fact that 支持x 的第一个原因。they also argue that 支持x 的另一个原因。however, other people stand on a different ground. they consider it harmful to do x. they firmly point out that 反对x 的第一个理由。 an example can give the details of this argument: there is some truth in both arguments. but i think the advantages of x overweigh the disadvantages. in addition to the above-mentioned negative effects it might bring about, x also may x 的有一个坏处。 2. 批驳观点式 a.一个错误观点。 b. 我不同意。 many people argue that 错误观点。by saying that, they mean 对这个观点的进一步解释。an example they have presented is that 一个例子。(according to a survey performed by x on a group of y, almost 80% of them 赞成这个错误观点或者受到这个错误观点的影响)。 there might be some element of truth in these people’s belief. but if we consider it in depth, we will feel no reservation to conclude that 与错误观点相反的观点。there are a number of reasons behind my belief. (以下参照辩论文的议论文写法)。 3. 社会问题(现象)式 a.一个社会问题或者现象b. 产生的原因 c.对社会和我们生活的影响 d. 如何杜绝。(如果是问题的话)e. 前景的预测。 nowadays, there exists an increasingly serious social/economic/environmental problem. (x has increasingly become a common concern of the public). according to a survey, 调查内容说明这种现象的情况。(或者是一个例子)。 there are a couple of reasons booming this problem/phenomenon.下面参照辩论式议论文写法。 x has caused substantial impact on the society and our daily life, which has been articulated in the following aspects. 参照辩论式议论文的写法。 a dozen of measures are supposed to take to prevent x from bringing us more harm. 同上based on the above discussions, i can easily forecast that more and more people will …….. 辩论式议论文模版1 some people believe (argue, recognize, think)that 观点1. but other people take an opposite side. they firmly believe that 观点2. as for me, i agree to the former/latter idea. there are a dozen of reasons behind my belief. first of all, 论据1. more importantly, 论据2. most important of all, 论据3. in summary, 总结观点. as a college student, i am supposed to 表决心.或:from above, we can predict that 预测. 模版2 people hold different views about x. some people are of the opinion that 观点1, while others point out that 观点2. as far as i am concerned, the former/latter opinion holds more weight. for one thing, 论据1.for another, 论据2. last but not the least, 论据3. to conclude, 总结观点. as a college student, i am supposed to 表决心. 或 from above, we can predict that 预测. 模版3 there is no consensus of opinions among people about x(争论的焦点)。some people are of the view that 观点1,while others take an opposite side, firmly believing that 观点2。as far as i am concerned, the former/latter notion is preferable in many senses. the reasons are obvious. first of all, 论据1。 furthermore, 论据2。among all of the supporting evidences, one is the strongest. that is, 论据3。 a natural conclusion from the above discussion is that总结观点。 as a college student, i am supposed to 表决心. 或 from above, we can predict that 预测.

谁能提供一下2009年厦门市中考作文的评分标准?

问题补充:谁能提供一下2009年厦门市中考作文的评分标准?
●身为牛犊,又何妨?      初生牛犊,眼眸中溢彩流光;初生牛犊,不畏勇斗虎狼;初生牛犊,总会抬起头骄傲地了望远方……                                            ——题记      教室里,老师们诲人不倦,授我们知识;家庭里,家长们苦口婆心,传我们做人之方;社会中,我们是初升的太阳,是保护的对象。      我们如牛犊,洋溢着青春之彩;我们如牛犊,需要被教育、去学习;我们如牛犊,在家长庇护、大人们的教诲中长大……      虽只迈开脚起步,虽涉世不深,但我们自信,身为牛犊,又何妨?      文学天才蒋方舟在《大学骗我的那些事》中写出了一些长大了的牛犊的悲伤。她原以为清华学子们会意气风发,会高谈阔论,会傲视群雄,但几年之后,她看到的只是谦恭的笑。“好汉不提当年勇”。      恰同学少年,我们要趁为牛犊,不妨轻狂一把!      曾有一对“牛犊”在路边争论。太阳到底什么时候离我们更近,什么时候更远?大圣人孔子好奇地停车下车,问他们在争辩什么?他们有理有据地各述了观点,且都十分有道理。他们思考着宇宙的奥秘,他们不惧圣人孔子。但当孔子也自愧不知谁对时,“牛犊”善意地笑道“孰为汝多知乎?”初生牛犊,何妨轻狂?      身为牛犊,也会有大奔的成就。      高斯在小学时就显露了他“牛犊”特有的灵气与智慧。有一次上数学课他打盹了,回家写作业时在书中发现了一张写有一道数学题的纸,他误以为又是老师留给他的作业。于是开始演算起来。这次的演算并不顺利,他算到了半夜还没算出来。但他只认为这次作业有些难,既然是作业就一定可以得出答案。于是他怀着必胜的信心认真地演算了一个晚上。功夫不负有心人,他得出了结论。当他把这道题的答卷交上去后,数学老师惊呆了!他问高斯多久算出来的,高斯不好意思地回答“一整个晚上”。一整个晚上,那是一道两百多年都未有人解出的题啊!两百多年来,多少数学家埋头苦算而无果,而一位“无知无畏”的“牛犊”,一个晚上就宣告难题攻克!      高斯以“牛犊”身份,完成了许多神牛都未完成的计算。因为他有着牛犊那股无畏的劲!      回望历史,我们为那些年少有为的“牛犊”们骄傲;展望未来,我们,这批不怕虎的初生牛犊们,将会让人们引以为豪!      行于草间,受泽于万物,身浴日光,举世轻狂!      我们会以牛犊特有的思维、好奇心、韧劲,无畏的精神,向前!向前!谱写出青春华美的乐章! 【点评】这是一篇言辞铮铮,充满激情的青春宣言:身为牛犊,有牛犊特有的思维、好奇心、韧劲、无畏,“轻狂一把又何妨?”    作者阅历丰富,视野开阔,随手拈来的“蒋方舟评说清华学子”、“两小儿笑对圣人”、“高斯破解难题”的故事准确而巧妙地解读着话题,丰富着话题,印证着初生牛犊熠熠闪光的个性特质。

江苏高考英语作文的等级评分标准是什么

问题补充:江苏高考英语作文的等级评分标准是什么
●Have you skimmed over this year’s English examination paper of college entrance exams? Did you pay any attention to the composition topic? It is about the mouse as a tool featuring in the communication between human beings and the computer. Frankly speaking, at first sight of the chart given, the idea arose swiftly in my mind was the advantages and disadvantages of using a computer and internet, which we have been debating.   As is pointed in the directions above the chart, mouse makes it much easier for us to operate a computer. But, it is also pointed out that “over depending on mouse” will bring some side effects. In this regard, I have thought and considered a great deal but I failed to link “depend on” and a mouse. A mouse is an essential part of a computer as it is, and we can hardly operate a computer without a mouse, even for notepads. When a computer is used, a mouse is used. There’s no parlance of “depend too much on a mouse”. It’s the same case as we Chinese have meals with chopsticks. We use them everyday and even every meal, and can we perorate that we over depend on chopsticks? No one would, I suppose. This is the first point I want to mention   The second one is that the use of a mouse is quite different from getting information from web. From the model essay given, we can clearly find that the so called disadvantages of depending excessively on a mouse are nothing but the drawback of relying on the readymade information from the net. That’s incorrect. I will take the chopsticks for an example again. If we overate and became fat, can anyone contribute his fozy body to his overuse of chopsticks? I don’t think anyone would be funny enough to complain this way.   Personally, I think these are two inappropriate spots in this topic. Meanwhile, I have no idea what the examinees were thinking as to the side effects of over depending on a mouse. If their way of thinking was getting around what the topic assigner tried to accomplish, they were lucky. If not, where were their thoughts flying? 还有一个结尾是  :A convenient tool can certainly make our work easier, but it doesn’t always help in a positive way. Too much ready information on our fingertips leaves little room for knowledge pursuing. Too many ready answers make us less excited in finding truth. Relying too much on mouse clicking makes us lazier and less creative both mentally and physically.

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